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Facial Reconstructive Surgery

Facial reconstructive surgery advances in technology has allowed patients with facial deformities because of infectious disease, cutaneous neoplasms, congenital anomalies, and other accidents to alter the physical part to appear more aesthetically pleasing. Most patients that undergo facial reconstructive surgery are categorized as either suffering from congenital or developmental deformities. Since a face is often the most obvious bodily aspect during interactions, having deformities can cause psychological and emotional difficulties for a person. The ability to alter these deformities through facial reconstructive surgery has allowed a high number of children and adults to feel confident about their appearance.

Some children will be born with craniofacial anomalies, meaning a child's skull or face has not properly formed. The discovery of a craniofacial anomaly can be very difficult for parents worried that the deformities will cause the child painful experiences. Over the years, discoveries in surgery techniques have helped make facial reconstructive surgery more exciting. Over just the past decade the advances made in surgical techniques were previously unimaginable to doctors, making major strides in the way the surgeries are performed.

About six million people across the country have benefited from these reconstructive surgery techniques, many of them being facial reconstructive surgery. Currently, a Canadian researcher is experimenting with total facial reconstructive surgery. This type of facial reconstructive surgery would allow the entire faces of people disfigured by severe burns, birth defects, or other accidents to be replaced.

Reconstructive surgery differs from cosmetic surgery because it alters the appearance of abnormal facial structures opposed to enhancing already normal appearances. Over the years, as the popularity of plastic surgery has dramatically increased, it has allowed more research and advances in technology to more readily occur. Plastic surgery has grown extensively from its start, now becoming more available for a wider range of socioeconomic and racial groups instead of being associated to just the rich and famous.

Reconstructive facial surgery can help people afflicted with head and neck cancers. While the main focus of cancer treatment is to get the patient to a cancer free existence, doing so can be extremely difficult on a person's body. After going through cancer treatments a person can suffer physical deformities and scars that facial reconstructive surgery can help with.

As medical science continues to become more advanced and new ways of performing or improving facial reconstructive surgery becomes available, more children and adults will be able to benefit from the procedures.